Original Article

USEFULNESS OF ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC MARKERS TO PREDICT VENTRICULAR ARRHYTHMIAS IN ACUTE MYOCARDITIS PATIENTS

  • Öznur Yumurtacı
  • Cansu Kurt
  • Fatih Mehmet Uçar
  • Cihan Öztürk

Received Date: 03.12.2016 Accepted Date: 12.12.2016 Turk Med Stud J 2017;4(1):6-10

Aims:

Acute myocarditis is an inflammatory disease of the myocardium and is characterized by a large heterogeneity of clinical presentation. Myocarditis is becoming to be recognized as a contributor to unexplained mortality, and is thought to be a major cause of sudden cardiac death in the first two decades of life. Myocardial inflammation, ion channel dysfunction, electrophysiological and structural remodelling may play important roles in life-threatening arrhythmias. We aimed to investigate the ventricular arrhythmia predictors in myocarditis patients by using electrocardiographic markers.

Methods:

A total of 56 patients (mean age 22.5 ± 3.7 years; 89% males) with acute myocarditis were enrolled in the study. Tpeak-Tend intervals, Tpeak-Tend/QT and Tpeak-Tend/corrected QT (QTc), cardio-electrophysiological balance (QT/QRS) and heart rate-corrected QT(QTc)/QRS ratios were calculated from 12-lead electrocardiogram.

Results:

Heart rate, QT and QTc values were similar between groups. QRS complexes were lower in arrhythmia positive group than arrhythmia negative group (p=0.004). Tpeak-Tend intervals, Tpeak-Tend/QT, Tpeak-Tend/ QTc, cardio-electrophysiological balance and heart rate-corrected QT(QTc)/QRS values were significantly higher in arrhythmia positive group (< 0.001, < 0.001, p=0.03, p=0.04 and < 0.001, respectively).

Conclusion:

In this study, we observed that higher Tpeak-Tend, Tpeak-Tend/QT, Tpeak-Tend/QTc , cardio-electrophysiological balance (ICEB) and heart rate-corrected QT(QTc)/QRS ratio are associated with ventricular arrhythmic episodes in acute myocarditis patients. These electrocardiographic markers may be beneficial to identify high risk patients for arrhytmias complicating myocarditis.

Keywords: Arrhythmia, electrocardiography, myocarditis